Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Chrysoesthia sexguttella

Chrysoesthia sexguttella (Thunberg, 1794)

six-spot crest

Chrysoesthia sexguttella mine

Chenopodium album, Nieuwendam, 22.viii.2001; vacated mines

Chrysoesthia sexguttella: mine in Halimione sp.

Halimione sp., Belgium, prov. West Flanders, Knokke, © Chris Snyers, 10.xi.2012: in these fleshy leaves the appearance of the mine is quite different

Chrysoesthia sexguttella: mine in  Halimione portulacoides

Halimione portulacoides, Belgium, prov. West Flanders, het Zwin, 1.xi.2017 © Stéphane Claerebout

Chrysoesthia sexguttella: mine in  Halimione portulacoides

mine lighted from behind

Chrysoesthia sexguttella: larva


Chenopodium album, Nieuwendam, 28.vii.2003. The mine at left still shows something of the initial zigzag corridor. The larva at left has died before it was able to make a blotch; it looks like to corridor it made became so quickly filled with callus that it perished because of space to move.


Oviposition at the underside of the leaf. The mine begins as a short zigzagging corridor, that very soon becomes overrun by a large, perfectly transparent blotch. Frass in a big black central lump. In fresh mines something like primary feeding lines is recognisable, normally seen only in Diptera mines. Pupation external, exit a rather untidy hole.

host plants

Amaranthaceae, oligophagous

Amaranthus blitum, caudatus; Atriplex calotheca, hortensis, littoralis, patula, prostrata, sagittata, sibirica, tatarica; Bassia scoparia; Chenopodiastrum hybridum, murale; Chenopodium album, bonus-henricus, giganteum, glaucum, opulifolium, quinoa, urbicum, vulvaria; Halimione portulacoides; Lipandra polysperma; Spinacia.


Larvae in June and in September – October (Bland ao, 2002a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009)

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach)

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Described by Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Microsetia sexguttella; Chrysopora naeviferella (Duponchel, 1843), C. stipella auct.

parasitoids, predators

Pnigalio gyamiensis.


Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1955a, 1970a, 1979a), Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Borkowski (1973a), Buhr (1935a,b, 1964a), Corley (2005a), Csóka (2003a), Dobreanu (1937a), Drăghia (1967a, 1968a, 1970a, 1971a, 1972a, 1974a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Fazekas & Schreurs (2010a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924a, 1932g, 1957a), ten Holt & Kuchlein (2006a), Huber (1969a), Huertas Dionisio (2002a, 2007a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2003a), Kaitila (1996a), Klimesch (1950c, 1958a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a, 1976a), Nowakowski (1954a), Parenti & Varalda (2000a), Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1966a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1950a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Stolnicu (2007a, 2008a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Ureche (2010a), Utech (1962a), Yegorenkova & Yefremova (2012a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a, 1975a).

Last modified 18.v.2022