Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Monochroa conspersella

Monochroa conspersella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1854)

dingy neb

Monochroa conspersella: mines on Lysimachia vulgaris

Lysimachia vulgaris, België, prov. Antwerpen, Kalmthoutse Heide, 31.viii.2013 © Steve Wullaert

Monochroa conspersella: mines on Lysimachia vulgaris

Mines mainly at the leaf tip

Monochroa conspersella: young mine on Lysimachia vulgaris

Lysimachia vulgaris, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Kasterlee, de Tikkebroeken, 15.viii.2018 0 © Carina Van Steenwinkel: young mine in transparency

Monochroa conspersella: young mine on Lysimachia vulgaris

Lysimachia vulgaris, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Oud-Turnhout, de Liereman, 9.ix.2016 © Carina Van Steenwinkel: the mine is strongly contracted

Monochroa conspersella: vacated mine on Lysimachia vulgaris

Lysimachia vulgaris, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol, Buitengoor-Meergoor, 30.viii.2014 © Carina Van Steenwinkel, old, vacated mine

Monochroa conspersella: larva on Lysimachua vulgaris

Lysimachua vulgaris. Belgium, prov. Namur, Gerhoeven, de Rammelaers, 5.v.2020 © Carina Van Steenwinkel; det. Tymo Muus: disfigured top of the plant

Monochroa conspersella larva

freely living larva

Monochroa conspersella: larva on Lysimachua vulgaris

Lysimachua vulgaris, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Meerhout, de Kwachten, 1.v.2020 © Carina Van Steenwinke

Monochroa conspersella: larva on Lysimachua vulgaris

the larva feeds on the leaves, does not mine any more

mine

Lower surface blotch without folds, with irregular corridor-like extensions; centre of the mine brownish. The mine usually starts at the tip of the leaf. Frass dispersed. After the hibernation the larve lives between spun leaves and does not mine any more (Klimesch, 1958a).

host plants

Primulaceae, monophagous

Lysimachia vulgaris.

Older sources, including Hering (1957a), also mention Lythrum salicaria as a host plant, but this is not confirmed by Elsner ao (1999a) or Bland ao (2002a). Sattler (1974a) and Wieser & Huemer (1999a) explicitly call the species monophagous on Lysimachia.

phenology

Larvae mine from September till the onset of winter (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and East-Russia to the Pyrenees, Sicily, and Albania, and from Britain to the Ukraine (Bland ao, 2002a; Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

pupa

See Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Monochroa, Xystiphora morosa (Mühlich, 1864).

notes

Hering (1957a) states that after the hibernation the larva lives as a stem borer. Bland ao (2002a) only write that bark mines are made, and that “young leaves are eaten to a lesser extent”, suggesting moreover that this happens in spring rather than in autumn. It remains to be seen if the same species is involved in these publications.

references

Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huisman & Koster (1994a, 1997a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2009a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2001a, 2004a), Kaitila 1996a), Klimesch (1958a, 1989a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a, 2014a), Sattler (1974a), Segerer & Grünewald (2013a), Skala (1950a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Slootmaekers & De Prins (2015a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Wieser & Huemer (1999a).

Last modified 16.v.2020