Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Monochroa servella

Monochroa servella Zeller, 1839)

on Primula

Monochroa servella mine

Primula farinosa, Austria; from Klimesch (1958a).


Large, very transparant, full depth blotch that begins in the basal part of the leaf; in this oldest part most of the frass is accumulated. The mine is strongly folded lengthwise, and the two halves of the leave are more or less folded together. The full grown larva leaves the mine and attaches its pupa to the apical part of a fresh leave.

host plants

Primulaceae, monophagous

Primula farinosa, veris.


Larvae in May (Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2011).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to Italy, and from Portugal to Bulgaria and Central Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2011).


Dark red, mottled greyish white (Hering, 1957a).


Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a); see also Lepiforum.


Xystophora, Monochroa, farinosae (Stainton, 1867).


Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Hering (1957a), Kaitila 1996a), Klimesch (1958a)m Klimesch & Skala (1936a), Lepiforum (2022), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Skala (1950a), Šumpich, Liška & Dvořák (2011a), Šumpich, Žemlička & Dvořák (2013a).

Last modified 12.vii.2022