Monochroa servella Zeller, 1839)
Primula farinosa, Austria; from Klimesch (1958a).
Large, very transparant, full depth blotch that begins in the basal part of the leaf; in this oldest part most of the frass is accumulated. The mine is strongly folded lengthwise, and the two halves of the leave are more or less folded together. The full grown larva leaves the mine and attaches its pupa to the apical part of a fresh leave.
Primula farinosa, veris.
Larvae in May (Hering, 1957a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2011).
distribution within Europe
From Fennoscandia to Italy, and from Portugal to Bulgaria and Central Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2011).
Dark red, mottled greyish white (Hering, 1957a).
Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
Xystophora, Monochroa, farinosae (Stainton, 1867).
Hering (1957a) writes that pupation takes place within the mine. Klimesch (1958a) could not confirm this, and estimates that it is improbable because in the damp situation where the host plant grows mined leaves soon rot away.
Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Hering (1957a), Kaitila 1996a), Klimesch (1958a)m Klimesch & Skala (1936a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Skala (1950a), Šumpich, Liška & Dvořák (2011a), Šumpich, Žemlička & Dvořák (2013a).