Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Monochroa servella

Monochroa servella Zeller, 1839)

Monochroa servella mine

Primula farinosa, Austria; from Klimesch (1958a).

mine

Large, very transparant, full depth blotch that begins in the basal part of the leaf; in this oldest part most of the frass is accumulated. The mine is strongly folded lengthwise, and the two halves of the leave are more or less folded together. The full grown larva leaves the mine and attaches its pupa to the apical part of a fresh leave.

host plants

Primulaceae, monophagous

Primula farinosa, veris.

phenology

Larvae in May (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2011).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to Italy, and from Portugal to Bulgaria and Central Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2011).

larva

Dark red, mottled greyish white (Hering, 1957a).

pupa

Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Xystophora, Monochroa, farinosae (Stainton, 1867).

notes

Hering (1957a) writes that pupation takes place within the mine. Klimesch (1958a) could not confirm this, and estimates that it is improbable because in the damp situation where the host plant grows mined leaves soon rot away.

references

Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Hering (1957a), Kaitila 1996a), Klimesch (1958a)m Klimesch & Skala (1936a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Skala (1950a), Šumpich, Liška & Dvořák (2011a), Šumpich, Žemlička & Dvořák (2013a).

Last modified 1.ii.2020