Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parapodia sinaica

Parapodia sinaica (Frauenfeld, 1859)

on Tamarix

Parapodia sinaica: galls on Tamarix

from Gerling ao.

Parapodia sinaica: gall on Tamarix gallica

Tamarix gallica, France, Camargue, Le Sambuc © Sébastien Carbonnelle

Parapodia sinaica: larva



Unilocular, rotund or fusiform swelling of a branch, containing some caterpillars. Unique for this gall is the fact that the larva lives in a space between the bark and undamaged continuous xylem cylinder. Before pupation, the larva prepares an exit opening, next spins a tube that protrudes a bit from the opening. The pupa lies in this tube, the head directed to the exit.


Tamaricaceae, monophagous

Tamarix africana, canariensis, gallica, jordanis, nilotica, tetragyna.


Parapodia tamaricola de Joannis, 1912.


Bidzilya, Karsholt, Kravchenko & Šumpich (2019a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1994a), Fusu & Ribes (2017a), Gerling, Kugler & Lupo (1976a), Houard (1909a), Requena (2009a), Salas-Remón, Llimona, Lozano ao (2015a), Sattler (1962a).

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