Chionodes electella (Zeller, 1839)

mine

The larva lives in a silken tube, covered with fragments of bark and lichens, on a second-year twig. From this tube the basal half of a number of leaves is mined out. The larva moults in the tube. Pupation in the ground.

hostplants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Abies alba, pinsapo; Juniperus communis; Picea abies.

phenology

Mining larvae in May – June (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not rercorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Almost all Europa, but is missing from the British Isles, the Balkan Peninsula and the Mediterranean islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Reddish brown, chocolate brown, with comb of heavy setae in front of the anus Patočka, 1960a).

synonyms

Gelechia electella.

notes

Houard mentions this species as responsible for gnarled and swollen shoots in Picea abies, Abies alba, pinsapo, Juniperus communis; probably this is not correct.

references

Buhr (1935b, 1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Hering (1957a), Houard (1908a), Huemer (2012a), Kaitila (1996a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a, Patočka (1960a), Skala (1950a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Szőcs (1977a), Tomasi (2014a).

mod 11.ix.2018