Chionodes electella (Zeller, 1839)
The larva lives in a silken tube, covered with fragments of bark and lichens, on a second-year twig. From this tube the basal half of a number of leaves is mined out. The larva moults in the tube. Pupation in the ground. Also reported from galls of Melampsorella.
Mining larvae in May – June (Hering, 1957a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).
LUX not rercorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
Almost all Europa, but is missing from the British Isles, the Balkan Peninsula and the Mediterranean islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Reddish brown, chocolate brown, with comb of heavy setae in front of the anus Patočka, 1960a).
Houard mentions this species as responsible for gnarled and swollen shoots in Picea abies, Abies alba, pinsapo, Juniperus communis; probably this is not correct.
Buhr (1935b, 1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Hering (1957a), Houard (1908a), Huemer (2012a), Kaitila (1996a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a, Patočka (1960a, Roskam (2019a), Skala (1950a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Szőcs (1977a), Tomasi (2014a).