Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Chionodes electella

Chionodes electella (Zeller, 1839)


The larva lives in a silken tube, covered with fragments of bark and lichens, on a second-year twig. From this tube the basal half of a number of leaves is mined out. The larva moults in the tube. Pupation in the ground. Also reported from galls of Melampsorella.

host plants

Pinaceae, monophagous

Abies alba, pinsapo; Juniperus communis; Picea abies.


Mining larvae in May – June (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not rercorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Almost all Europa, but is missing from the British Isles, the Balkan Peninsula and the Mediterranean islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Reddish brown, chocolate brown, with comb of heavy setae in front of the anus (Huemer & Sattler, Patočka).


Gelechia electella.


Houard mentions this species as responsible for gnarled and swollen shoots in Picea abies, Abies alba, pinsapo, Juniperus communis; probably this is not correct.


Buhr (1935b, 1964a, 1965a), Dauphin & Aniotsbehere (1997a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Hering (1957a), Houard (1908a), Huemer (2012a), Huemer & Sattler (1995a), Kaitila (1996a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a), Modlinger & Liška (2016a), Patočka (1960a), Roskam (2019a), Skala (1950a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Szőcs (1977a), Tomasi (2014a).

Last modified 7.ii.2021