Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pragmatodes melagonella

Pragmatodes melagonella (Constant, 1895)

Monochroa melagonella: vacated mine on Rubia peregrina

Rubia peregrina, Spain, Asturias, Gijón, Rio Ñora: vacated mine © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Monochroa melagonella: mine on Rubia tenuifolia

Rubia tenuifolia, Cyprus © Ian Barton


Large, very transparent blotch without a preceding corridor; inside not lined with silk. Much frass, dispersed, in black grains. Mines only in the older leaves.

host plants

Rubiaceae, monophagous

Rubia peregrina, tenuifolia.


Larvae in March and July (Hering, 1957a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

According to the Fauna Europaea 92009) a west-mediterranean species (France, Iberian Peninsula, Italy) but also Cyprus.


Monochroa, Stomopteryx, melagonella.


Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Hering (1957a), Huemer & Karsholt (2020a), Kasy (1979a), Requena (2009a).

Last modified 26.iii.2021