Scrobipalpa nitentella (Fuchs, 1902)
common sea groundling
Atriplex portulacoides, South England © Rob Edmunds
Atriplex prostrata, Denmark (Ordrup Næs in NW Zealand), youth mines © Hans Henrik Bruun.
Young larvae make a short, spiralled corridor (Bland ao, 2002a, describe them as “typically U-shaped”). This stage is followed by an irregular, sometimes branching, greenish-white blotch (Jansen, 1999a). In their finale stage the larva lives free in a silken tunnel among the leaves.
Larvae are full-fed in mid-August – end-September; hibernation as pupa; one generation per year (Jansen, 1999a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Fennoscandia to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Bulgaria, and from Ireland to South Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a); but see below.
According to Patočka & Turčáni (2005a) the larva is not a miner, but “feeds on the seed heads of Chenopodium”. This can be a simple mistake, but may also indicate a different interpretation of the species.
Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Gerstberger (2003a), Huemer & Karsholt (2010a), Huemer & Morandini (2009a), Huisman & Koster (1996a), Jansen (1999a, 2002a, 2005a), Kaitila (1996a), Kasy (1965a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (2003b), Rickert (2010a, 2011a), Schütze (1931a), Wegner (2010a, 2o13a), Wegner, Kayser & van Loh (2007a).