Scrobipalpa samadensis (Pfaffenzeller, 1870)

buck’s-horn groundling

mine

Young larvae make a short, very narrow gallery in the young leaves. Later they bore in the rhizome.

host plants

Plantaginaceae, monophagous

Plantago coronopus, lanceolata, maritima.

phenology

Mining larvae in autumn; hibernation in the rhizome.

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, and from Ireland to Romania; also in Iceland and East Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

Body yellowish white with several salmon length lines; head, prothoracic plate and thoracic legs blackish brown; anal plate light brown (Bland ao, 2002a).

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Gnorimoschema, Lita, plantaginella (Stainton, 1883).

notes

The way the mining by this species is discussed in Bland ao (1999a) suggests that this behaviour is only facultative.

references

Baldizzone (2004a, 2008a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Hering (1957a), Huemer & Karsholt (2010a), Huisman & Koster (1996a), Jansen (1999a), Kasy (1959a), Kozlov & Kullberg (2010a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Ricker (2010a), Skala (1950a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a).

mod 20.vi.2019