Scrobipalpula tussilaginis (Stainton, 1867)
Tussilago farfara, Belgium; © Jean-Yves Baugnée
Tussilago farfara, Belgium, prov. Namur, Maizeret © Jean-Yves Baugnée
mine, lighted from behind
Initially a branching corridor, later more an elongate upper-surface blotch from the leaf base tot the leaf margin, finally occupying a good part of the leaf. Most frass is deposited in one section of the mine, forming a crust below which the very agile larvae can retreat. Pupation external, at the underside of the leaf or in the litter.
Larvae in August – September (Hering, 1957a), but two generations occur in Britain, in July and October – November (Pelham-Clinton, 1989a; Bland ao, 2002a).
BE recorded by Jean-Yves Baugnée (De Prins ao).
NE recorded (Huisman & Koster, 1998a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Britain to the Pyrenees, Italy, Greece, and the Ukraïne (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Apple green; head and prothoracic plate dark brown; full-grown larva with rose-red segment limits (Pelham-Clinton, 1989a).
Gnorimoschema tussilaginellum; Lita, Scrobipalpa tussilaginella (von Heinemann, 1870).
Preference for small leaves, just above the ground, of plants growing on bare sand or clay (Bland ao, 2002a).
Baran (2013a), Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Hering (1957a), Huemer & Karsholt (1998a, 2010a), Huisman & Koster (1998a), Klimesch (1950c, 1958a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Leutsch (2011a), Maček (1999a), Pelham-Clinton (1989a), De Prins, Steeman & Sierens (2016a), Pröse (1997a), Skala (1951a), Skala (1950a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Szőcs (1977a), Wieser & Huemer (1999a).