Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Xenolechia aethiops

Xenolechia aethiops (Humphreys & Westwood, 1845)

moorland groundling


Only the very youngest larvae make mines, and it is not well known how these look like: probably small fleck mines. The older larva make on a twig a tunnel of silk, mixed with frass and leaf fragments, and feeds from there on the leaves.

host plants

Ericaceae, monophagous or oligophagous

Erica cinerea.

According to Hering also on Calluna vulgaris; according to Wegner ao this might even be the only host plant.


Larvae in June – July (Bland, ao); bivoltine (Requena).


BE not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Ireland, Britain and Denmark to Iberia, Sardinia, Italy, and Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Larva dull reddish with intersegmental zones greenish; head brown, prothoracic and anal plates black; pinacula small, black (Bland ao, 2002a).


Baldizzone & Scalercio (2018a), Bland, Corley, Emmet ao (2002a), Hering (1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Requena (2009a), Robbins (1991a), Wegner (2010a), Wegner, Kayser & van Loh (2007a).

Last modified 27.i.2020