Monochroa conspersella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1854)
Lysimachia vulgaris, België, prov. Antwerpen, Kalmthoutse Heide © Steve Wullaert
Mines mainly at the leaf tip
Lower surface blotch without folds, with irregular corridor-like extensions; centre of the mine brownish. The mine starts at the tip of the leaf. Frass dispersed. After the hibernation the larve lives between spun leaves and does not mine any more (Klimesch, 1958a).
Older sources, including Hering (1957a), also mention Lythrum salicaria as a hostplant, but this is not confirmed by Elsner ao (1999a) or Bland ao (2002a). Sattler (1974a) and Wieser & Huemer (1999a) explicitely call the species monophagous on Lysimachia.
Larvae mine from September till the onset of winter (Hering, 1957a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).
LUX rcorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).
distribution within Europe
From Fennoscandia and East-Russia to the Pyrenees, Sicily, and Albania, and from Britain to the Ukraine (Bland ao, 2002a; Fauna Europaea, 2010).
See Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
Monochroa, Xystiphora morosa (Mühlich, 1864).
Hering (1957a) states that after the hibernation the larva lives as a stem borer. Bland ao (2002a) only write that bark mines are made, and that “young leaves are eaten to a lesser extent”, suggesting moreover that this happens in spring rather than in autumn. It remains to be seen if the same species is involved in these publications.
Bland ao (2002a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Elsner, Huemer & Tokár (1999a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huisman ao (2009a), Klimesch (1958a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Patočka (1997a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Sattler (1974a), Skala (1950a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Wieser & Huemer (1999a).