Mompha raschkiella (Zeller, 1839)

little mompha

Mompha raschkiella mine

Chmaerion angustifolium, Bergen NH, Bergerbosch: young mine

Mompha raschkiella mine

older mine

Mompha raschkiella mine

Ede, Hindekamp: larva in the mine

Het Twiske: start of a secondary mine

mine

The oval, iridescent egg is deposited at the upper side of the leaf, mostly close to the midrib. Here starts a gallery, at first narrow and hardly widening, the first cm not always full depth, often making a few loops around the egg and/or running along the midrib for some distance. Parts of the leaf cut off by a corridor loop often turn red. Frass in small, grey grains, dispersed, not glued to floor or ceiling of the mine. Later the larva makes a full depth blotch; mostly in continuation to the corridor, but the larva can also leave the mine and restart elsewhere, which may happen already at this stage. A new mine begins with a hole where the larva has gained entrance, end ends in an untidy exit. The larva lies venter-upwards in the mine. Pupation external.

hostplants

Onagraceae, monophagous

Chamerion angustifolium.

Baldizzone (2004a, 2008a) additionally mentions Epilobium angustifolium, hirsutum; this seems a mistake.

phenology

Larvae in end-May – end-July and end-Auguast – September (Hering, 1957a; Koster, 2002b).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

Europe, except the Iberian Peninsula, the Mediterranean Islands and parts of the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

pupa

See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Lophoptilus, Tebenna, raschkiella.

references

Ahr (1966a), Baldizzone (2004a, 2008a), Beiger (1955a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Klimesch (1950c), Koster (2002b), Koster & Sinev (2003a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Michalska (1970a, 1972a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Seidel (1957a), Skala (1949a, 1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Szőcs (1977a), Zoerner (1969a).

mod 14.ix.2018