Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Mompha terminella

Mompha terminella (Humphreys & Westwood, 1845)

enchanters mompha

Mompha terminella mines

Circaea lutetiana, Luxemburg, Kautenbach

Mompha terminella mine


Mompha terminella: secondary mine on Circaea lutetiana

Circaea lutetiana, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Rachecourt; © Jean-Yves Baugnée; det. Sjaak Koster


Egg at the upper side of the leaf, not near the midrib. The larva starts by making a long, narrow, full depth corridor that is strongly spiraled or even lies in intestine-like loops. Frass as fine grains, distributed, later in a central line. After a while a new mine is made, either a continuation of the corridor or, more often, in a new leaf. This new mine begins as a narrow corridor but soon widens into a large blotch; here the fass lies in a broad band. The larva lies venter-upwards in the mine. Often several mines ina leaf. Pupation external.

host plants

Onagraceae, monophagous

Circaea alpina, lutetiana.


Larvae from mid-August till mid-September (Koster, 2002b).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX recorded (Ellis: Kautenbach).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Iberian Peninsula and from Ireland to Romania (Fauna Europaea, 2010).


Whitish; head light brown; prothoracic and anal shield yellowish brown (Koster, 2002b; Koster & Sinev, 2003a).


See Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Psacaphora terminella.


Ahr (1966a), Buhr (1935a), Emmet & Langmaid (2002b), Hering (1921b, 1957a), Klimesch (1960a), Klimesch & Skala (1936a), Koster (2002b), Koster & Sinev (2003a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Langohr (1984a), Maček (1999a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins, 1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Skala (1949a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a), Wullaert (2015a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 27.ix.2021