Tinagma ocnerostomella (Stainton, 1850)

bugloss spear-wing

on Echium

Tinagma ocnerostomella: host plant

Echium vulgare, Belgium, prov. West Flanders, Oostduinkerke, Plaatsduinen, 17.ix.2016 © Ruben Meert: habitat

Tinagma ocnerostomella: larva

larva

Tinagma ocnerostomella: larva

larva, abdomen end

Tinagma ocnerostomella:  exuvium

Echium vulgare, België, Antwerpen 16.xii.2015 © Ruben Meert: exuvium, protruding from the stem

Tinagma ocnerostomella: cocoon

inside of the stem with cocoon and prefabricated exit opening

parasite

Oviposition ib the flower; that also is where the young larva lives. Later the larva descends as borer in the stem; there also the pupation.

host plants

Boraginaceae, monophagous

Echium vulgare.

phenology

Univoltine.

distribution within Europe

(PESI, 2018).

pupa

Described by Patočka & Turčáni.

references

Agassiz (1985a), Baldizzone (2004a), Barton (2015a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2008a), Hellers (2017a), Leutsch (2011a), Nel & Nel (2003a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

mod 30.ix.2018