Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Callisto denticulella

Callisto denticulella (Thunberg, 1794)

garden apple slender

on Malus

Callisto denticulella mine on Malus domestica

Malus domestica, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 25.vii.2012 © László Érsek

Callisto denticulella mine on Malus domestica


Callisto denticulella mine on Malus domestica

leaf fold

Callisto denticulella mine on Malus domestica

underside; the fold is kept in position with much silk

Callisto denticulella larva

opened fold with larva

Callisto denticulella mine

Malus domestica, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Monceau-sur-Sambre, 11.vii.2011 © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Callisto denticulella mine

Malus domestica, Belgium, prov. Liège, Liège, Sclessin13.ix.2009 © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Callisto denticulella young mine

young mine

Callisto denticulella: mne on Malus domestica

Malus domestica, Belgium, prov. Namur, Couvin, Dailly, RN de la Prée, 3.ix.2016 © Stéphane Claerebout

Callisto denticulella: leaf folds on Malus domestica

leaf folds

Callisto denticulella: exuvium on Malus domestica



The mine begins as an inconspicuous epidermal corridor, mainly recognisable by its reddish brown frass line. In the next instar a blotch is formed. The mine is not starting over a vein, rather lies between two veins. The colour initially is silvery, but soon the mine gets a characteristic orange-brown tinge. Usually, but by no means invariably, the mine is upper-surface; lower-surface mines keep their original silvery colour. Silk is deposited within the mine, but in little quantities and the mine contracts only lightly. The mine hardly contains any frass. After some time the larva leaves the mine and then lives free in a leaf margin that has been folded downwards and fixed with silk. Two such folds are usually made, and eaten out to the upper epidermis.

host plants

Rosaceae, monophagous (?)

Cotoneaster; Crataegus; Malus baccata, domestica, floribunda, fusca, x purpurea, ringo, “Royalty”, sylvestris; Pyrus astracanica, communis.

References from other plants than Apple are so scant that conceivably they refer to cases of xenophagy.


Larvae in July – August (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Europe, except the Balkan Peninsula and the Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



See Patočka (2001b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Ornix guttea (Haworth, 1828).


The mine strongly resembles the one of Parornix petiolella; however, in that species the free living larva lives in a leaf margin that has been folded upwards (Hering, 1957a).

Mines can also be confused with those of Phyllonorycter corylifioliella. These always lie on over a vein, are silvery, and the epidermis is speckled with drops of frass.


Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Buhr (1935b), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Baraniak (1987a), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Deutschmann (2008a), Drăghia (1970a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen & Freriks (1975b, 1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1932g, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1988a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Jaworski (2009a), von Kayser & van Loh (2004a), Klimesch (1950c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka (2001b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a, 2010a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1941a, 1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

Last modified 8.x.2020