Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Caloptilia fidella

Caloptilia fidella (Reutti, 1853)

Caloptilia fidella on Celtis australis

Celtis australis, Hungary, Budapest-Kamaraerdő, 24.viii.2020 © László Érsek

Caloptilia fidella on Celtis australis

same leaf, underside

Caloptilia fidella on Celtis australis

underside of a mine

Caloptilia fidella young mines on Humulus lupulus

Humulus lupulus, Belgium, prov. Liège, Angleur, Ile aux Corsaires, , 18.x.2010 © Jean-Yves Baugnée: young mines

Caloptilia fidella mine on Humulus lupulus

Humulus lupulus Belgium, Liège, mine, underside © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Caloptilia fidella leaf roll on Humulus lupulus

leaf roll

Caloptilia fidella: leaf roll and cocoon

Humulus lupulus, Belgium, prov Namur, Huy, Vallon de la Solière © Stéphane Claerebout

Caloptilia fidella: cocoon

the shining cocoon, characteristic for Calopilia

Caloptilia fidella: pupa



Small, triangular, full depth, blotch mine in a vein axil. Part of the frass is ejected, what remains lies scattered in the mine. Older larvae live free under consecutively three leaf margins or leaf lobes that are rolled downwards.

host plants

Cannabaceae, oligophagous

Celtis australis; Humulus lupulus.


Larvae in July and September (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Baugnée & De Prins, 2010a).

NE Found in 2009 on several places in the province of Zuid-Limburg by Arnold Schreurs and Martien van Stiphout (, 2009)

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Germany to Italy and Macedonia, and from France to Russia and the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009); Iberia (Laštůvka & Laštůvka, 2015a).



Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Patočka & Zach (1995a).


Gracillaria onustella: auctorum nec Hübner, 1813.

parasitoids, predators

Sympiesis dolichogaster.


Baugnée & De Prins (2010a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Bouček (1959a), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas ao (2009a), Corley, Marabuto & Pires (2007a), Fazekas & Schreurs (2012a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1925b, 1957a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Huemer & Wieser (2003a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Ivinskis, Rimšaitė & Pūtys (2020a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1942a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2015a), Leutsch (2011a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Opheim (1977a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Patočka & Zach (1995a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a, 2012a), Roweck & Savenkov (2010a), Schütze (1931a), Shin, Lee & Byun (2015a), Szőcs (1977a), Walczak (2011a), Watson, Eaton & McClennon-Warnock (2021a), Watson & McClennon-Warnock (2022a).

Last modified 9.iv.2023