Caloptilia flava (Staudinger, 1871)
Oviposition at the underside of a leaflet. From there runs a narrow, shallow corridor that may be so strongly contorted as to suggest a secondary blotch. This is continued into a lower-surface tentiform mine of 6-9 mm long, with a longitudinal fold, that causes the leaflet to curl over. Finally the larva leaves to mine, spins two leaflets with their upper surfaces together, and grazes them from the inside.
Larvae observed in early September.
distribution within Europe
South Russia, Rhodes (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Caloptilia glycyrrhizae Deschka, 1979.