Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Caloptilia rufipennella

Caloptilia rufipennella (Hübner, 1796)

small red slender

Caloptilia rufipennella mine

Acer saccharinum, Amsterdam

Caloptilia rufipennella young mine

initial mine; the iridescent patch at right is the empty egg shell


The mine begins as an inconspicuous, lower-surface, epidermal corridor. This widens into a smallish triangular blotch, usually in the axil of a vein; the mine is fairly transparant, and is about 6 mm in length. Older larvae live free, in in a lobe of the leaf that has been forced downwards and rolled into a cone. In the course of its development the larva makes three (rarely two) of such cones, ascending in size, on the same leaf or not; the first is no more than a downfolded leaf margin. Pupation in a membranaceous, yellowish cocoon at the underside of a leaf.

host plants

Sapindaceae, monophagous

Acer campestre, monspessulanum, negundo, opalus, platanoides, pseudoplatanus, saccharinum.

In Britain almost exclusively on A. pseudoplatanus.


Larvae from June to October, peaking in July.


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Almost all Europe, except Ireland and the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Greenish, head lighter; see also Schmid.


See Patočka & Zach (1995a) or Patočka & Turčáni (2005a) for a description.


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Buszko (1992b), Corver, Muus & Ellis (2011a), Csóka (2003a), Deschka & Wimmer (2000a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet (1971b, 1975a, 1986b), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1934b, 1939a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Jaworski (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Langmaid & Young (2009a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2015a), O’Keeffe (1993a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Patočka & Zach (1995a), De Prins (1998a, 2010a,b, 2011a), Robbins (1991a), Schmid (2019a), Shaw (1984a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a).

Last modified 11.ii.2021