Calybites phasianipennella (Hübner, 1813)
Lysimachia vulgaris, Poland, Bialowieza © Sébastien Carbobelle: mine and leaf roll
cocoon, taken out of the leaf roll
Lysimachia vulgaris, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Sampont; © Jean-Yves Baugnée
Rumex acetosella, southern England; © Rob Edmunds
Polygonum hydropiper, Dinther; © Cun Wijnen
Persicaria mitis, Wolfheze; the two mines each contained a dead gracillariid larva, almost certainly C. phasianipennella. Perhaps the host plant was unsuitable.
same mines, lighted from behind
Initially a pale, later brown, usually lower-surface blotch. The blotch is preceded by an epidermal corridor, but that may be obliterated by the later blotch. Silk at the inside of the mine causes it to buckle up a bit, and obtain folds. The reddish brown frass is accumulated in a corner of the mine. The older larva leaves the mine and continues feeding inside an untidy cone, made by cutting off a strip of leaf tissue and stitching it in place with silk. Here also the cocoon is formed.
Polyphagous in herbs
Chenopodium hybridum; Fallopia baldschuanica, convolvulus; Lysimachia vulgaris; Lythrum salicaria; Oxyria digyna; Persicaria amphibia, hydropiper, lapathifolia, maculosa; Rumex acetosa, acetosella, aquaticus, hydrolapathum, obtusifolius.
Larvae from July till September; one generation per year, hibernation as pupa (Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson, 1985a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
Entire Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
Euspilapteryx, Eucalybites, phasianipennella.
Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), SCS Brown (1947a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Deschka & Wimmer (2000a), Deutschmann (2008a), Drăghia (1972a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Hering (1921a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch & Skala (1936b), Kvičala (1938a), Nowakowski (1954), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (2004a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1950a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a), Utech (1962a), Zoerner (1970a).