Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parornix anglicella

Parornix anglicella (Stainton, 1850)

hawthorn slender

Parornix anglicella mineParornix anglicella mine

Crataegus monogya, Nieuwendam; upperside and underside

Crataegus monogya, Ede; the mine begins at an iridescent egg shell, followed by a fine lower-surface epidermal corridor

Parornix anglicella: leaf margin folds on Mespilus germanica

Mespilus germanica, België, Luik; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Parornix cf anglicella: mine on Sorbus latifolia

Sorbus latifolia, Belgium, Liège, Coteaux de la Citadelle – identification “cf” © Jean-Yves Baugnée


The mine begins at a flat, iridescent egg shell. It starts as an epidermal corridor, widening into (and mostly overrun by) a shallow lower surface blotch in the tip of a leaf segment. The lower epidermis is off-grey with small light brown spots at first, but soon turns brown. Silk is deposited within the mine, causing it to contract. This wrinkles the lower epidermis, but there are no clear folds formed. Soon the larva starts consuming the palissade parenchyma, and the upperside of the mine than turns brown as well. Frass in loose grains. After some time the larve leaves its mine and continues living free under a downfolded leaf segment, kept in place by some spinning. Here too the leaf tissue is consumed up to the palissade parenchyma, browning the leaf.


Rosaceae, practically monophagous

Crataegus coccinea, douglasii, flava, heldreichii, x hiemalis, laciniata, laevigata, x lavalleei, mollis, monogyna, “pectinata”, pentagyna, rivularis, spathulata; x Crataemespilus dardari, grandiflora.

Occasionally also on Amelanchier ovalis; Fragaria; Mespilus germanica, heldreichii; Sorbus aucuparia, torminalis. According to Hering (1957a) in gardens also Cotoneaster.


Mines were found from mid-June till November. Two generations; larvae were found in the UK in July and again in August – September (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

Almost all Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2010).



Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Ornix anglicella; Parornix fragariae (Stainton, 1874).


Ahr (1966a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Buhr (1935b, 1937a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Corley (2005a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Haase (1942a), Hellers (2017a), Hering (1921a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1988a, 2012a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1950c, 1958c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1941a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Zoerner (1969a, 1970a).

Last modified 16.ii.2018