Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parornix carpinella

Parornix carpinella (Frey, 1863)

hornbeam slender

on Carpinus

Parornix carpinella mines on Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus, Uffelte, Ruiterweg, 5.x.2020 © Ben van As: mines and leaf folds

Parornix carpinella mine on Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus, Berkel en Rodenrijs, Ackerdijkse Plassen, 4.x.2003: mine and leaf fold

Parornix carpinella: leaf fold on Carpinus betulus

Carpinus betulus, Belgium, prov. Namur, Rochefort, 2.x.2013 © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Parornix carpinella: larva



Small, angular, full depth blotch, often in a vein axil. Lower, in the end also upper, epidermis brown. The larva deposits some silk in the mine, but the quantity is so low that the mine remains practically flat. Later the larva leaves the mine and continues feeding within a down-folded leaf margin or leaf tip.

host plants

Betulaceae (and Sapindaceae?); oligophagous or narrowly polyphagous

Acer platanoides, pseudoplatanus; Carpinus betulus, orientalis; Ostrya carpinifolia.

When in the literature this species is associated with Acer it is under the name of P. eppelsheimi. Perhaps the synonymy of eppelsheimi with carpinella needs reconsideration.


Larvae in July and September-October (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Greece, nd from Britain to Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Described by Emmet (1987a). Pronotum with four black spots (Parornix character).


Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Ornix carpinella; Ornix, Parornix, eppelsheimi Fuchs, 1901; Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a) considered carpinella a synonym of P. fagivora, but later Emmet has corrected this (1986a).


Doets (1946a), who first reported the species in the Netherlands, found it “rather common” around Hilversum, but presently it is a rarity.


Ahr (1966a), Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Buhl, Falck, Jørgensen, ao (2005a), Buhr (1964a), Deutschmann (2008a), Doets (1946a), Emmet (1982a, 1986a, 1987a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1934b, 1957a), Huemer (2012a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Huemer & Mayr (2000a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a, 2005a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1958c), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a, 2014a), van Roosmalen, Wijker & Knijnsberg (2013a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Stolnicu (2007a), Šumpich (2017a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Triberti, Deschka & Huemer (1997a), Utech (1962a), Vávra (2016a).

Last modified 31.iii.2023