Parornix carpinella (Frey, 1863)
Carpinus betulus, Berkel en Rodenrijs, Ackerdijkse Plassen: mine and leaf fold
Carpinus betulus, Belgium, prov. Namur, Rochefort © Jean-Yves Baugnée
Small, angular, full depth blotch, often in a vein axil. Lower, in the end also upper, epidermis brown. The larva deposits some silk in the mine, but the quantity is so low that the mine remains practically flat. Later the larva leaves the mine and continues feeding within a down-folded leaf margin or leaf tip.
Betulaceae (and Sapindaceae?); oligophagous or narrowly polyphagous
When in the literature this species is associated with Acer it is under the name of P. eppelsheimi. Perhaps the synonymy of eppelsheimi with carpinella needs reconsideration.
Larvae in July and September-October (Hering, 1957a).
BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Sweden to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Greece, nd from Britain to Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Described by Emmet (1987a). Pronotum with four black spots (Parornix character).
Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
Ornix carpinella; Ornix, Parornix, eppelsheimi Fuchs, 1901; Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a) considered carpinella a synonym of P. fagivora, but later Emmet has corrected this (1986a).
Doets (1946a), who first reported the species in the Netherlands, found it “rather common” around Hilversum, but presently it is a rarity.
Ahr (1966a), Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Buhr (1964a), Deutschmann (2008a), Doets (1946a), Emmet (1982a, 1986a, 1987a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1934b, 1957a), Huemer (2012a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a, 2005a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1958c), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a, 2014a), van Roosmalen, Wijker & Knijnsberg (2013a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Stolnicu (2007a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Triberti, Deschka & Huemer (1997a), Utech (1962a).