Parornix petiolella (Frey, 1863)
Malus domestica, Hungary, Kimle © László Érsek: rather young mine
older, but not yet strongly contracted mine
frass heaped together
Upper-surface, epidermal, white-silvery blotch that may contract the leaf so strongly that all that is visible is a white line. The older larva lives free in a leaf margin that has been folded upwards.
Rosaceae, almost monophagous
Occurrence on Prunus only exceptionally.
Mining larvae in August, September (Hering, 1957a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2011).
distribution within Europe
From Germany to Italy, and from France to Central and South Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2011).
Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a). The pupa lies in a tough cocoon, that lies in a leaf fold that has been closed with silk.
Biesenbaum (2010a), Deutsch (2012a), Gerstberger (2000a), Haslberger, Lichtmannecker, Heindel ao (2014a), Hering (1957a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Klimesch & Skala (1936b), Maček (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Pröse (1981a), Retzlaff (2012a), Schütze (1931a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a).