Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Parornix scoticella

Parornix scoticella (Stainton, 1850)

rowan slender

Parornix scoticella: leaf fold of Malus domestica

Malus domestica, Belgium, prov. Namur, Couvin, Boussu-en-Fagne © Stéphane Claerebout

Parornix scoticella: larva


Parornix scoticella: mine on Sorbus torminalis

Sorbus torminalis, Belgium, prov. Namur, Philippeville, Fagnolles © Stéphane Claerebout

Parornix scoticella: mine on Sorbus torminalis


Parornix scoticella mine

Sorbus aucuparia, Reusel: surface of the mine

Parornix scoticella cocoon



The mine begins with a lower-surface epidermal corridor, but soon the larva starts feeding on the sponge parenchyma. The mine then becomes a flat lower-surface blotch. Silk, deposited in the mine causes the lower epidermis to pucker lightly. The lower (later also the upper) epidermis of the mine is greyish brown to brown. After leaving the mine the larva lives freely under a folded leaf margin, or in a fold at the underside of the leaf, in its centre, that is covered with silk.

host plants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Cotoneaster nebrodensis; Malus sylvestris; Sorbus aria, aucuparia, chamaemespilus, intermedia, torminalis.

Sorbus aucuparia is the most important hostplant. References to Dryas octopetala probably stem from confusion with Parornix alpicola.


Larvae in June – July and August – September (Emmet ao, 1985a; Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

All Europe (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Described by Patočka (2001b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Ornix scoticella; Ornix canella Tengström, 1859; Parornix fulluzella (Chrétien, 1898); P. sotinella.


Baldizzone (2004a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Biesenbaum (2010a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Corley, Maravalhas & Passos de Carvalho (2006a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1988a, 2012a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1950c), Klimesch & Skala (1936b), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka (2001b), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Schmid (2019a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Sønderup (1949a), Svensson (1976a), Szőcs (1977a), Zoerner (1970a).

Last modified 4.i.2023