Triberta helianthemella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1861)
The mine begins as an epidermal lower-surface corridor that closely follows a thick vein. It continues into a tentifom mine with strong folds, that may occupy almost an entire leaf, and be very transparant in the end. Frass in a loose accumulation. Very unusual is the fact that pupation occurs outside the mine, in a transparant cocoon.
Larvae in November, December, then again in June (Groschke, 1944a).
Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Germany to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy and Greece; also Canary Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
described and illustrated by Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).
In central Europe a species of extreme xerothermic habitats.
Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas, Pires & Cardoso (2008a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1957a), Kasy (1983a, 1897a), Klimesch (1942a, 1979a), A & Z Laštůvka (2011a, 2014a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Szőcz (1981a).