Triberta helianthemella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1861)

Lepidoptera,
Gracillariidae

mine

The mine begins as an epidermal lower-surface corridor that closely follows a thick vein. It continues into a tentifom mine with strong folds, that may occupy almost an entire leaf, and be very transparant in the end. Frass in a loose accumulation. Very unusual is the fact that pupation occurs outside the mine, in a transparant cocoon.

hostplants

Cistaceae, oligophagous

Helianthemum canariense, chamaecistus, nummularium, ovatum; Tuberaria guttata.

phenology

Larvae in November, December, then again in June (Groschke, 1944a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Germany to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy and Greece; also Canary Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

pupa

described and illustrated by Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Phyllonorycter helianthemella.

notes

In central Europe a species of extreme xerothermic habitats.

references

Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas, Pires & Cardoso (2008a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1957a), Kasy (1983a, 1897a), Klimesch (1942a, 1979a), A & Z Laštůvka (2011a, 2014a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Szőcz (1981a).

16/02/2017

mod 28.vi.2017