Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Triberta helianthemella

Triberta helianthemella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1861)


The mine begins as an epidermal lower-surface corridor that closely follows a thick vein. It continues into a tentiform mine with strong folds, that may occupy almost an entire leaf, and be very transparant in the end. Frass in a loose accumulation. Very unusual is the fact that pupation occurs outside the mine, in a transparent cocoon.

host plants

Cistaceae, oligophagous

Helianthemum canariense, chamaecistus, nummularium & subsp. obscurum; Tuberaria guttata.


Larvae in November, December, then again in June (Groschke, 1944a).


Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Germany to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy and Greece; also Canary Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


described and illustrated by Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Phyllonorycter helianthemella.

parasitoids, predators

Hemiptarsenus ornatus; Sympiesis gregori.


In central Europe a species of extreme xerothermic habitats.


Bouček (1959a), Corley, Marabuto, Maravalhas, Pires & Cardoso (2008a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1957a), Kasy (1983a, 1897a), Klimesch (1942a, 1979a), A & Z Laštůvka (2011a, 2014a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Schmid (2019a), Szőcz (1981a).

Last modified 31.v.2022