Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter anderidae

Phyllonorycter anderidae (Fletcher, 1885)

small birch midget

Phyllonorycter anderidae mine

Betula pubescens, upperside © Rob Edmunds, UK

Phyllonorycter anderidae mine


Phyllonorycter anderidae: mine on Betula pubescens

Betula pubescens, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol © Carina Van Steenwinkel


Small lower-surface tentiform mine; epidermis pale green, rather weakly folded. The pupa lies without a cocoon in the mine.

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula humilis, nana, pubescens.

Strong preference for tiny seedlings in low vegetation (Emmet ao, 19985a; van Nieukerken ao, 1993a).


Larvae in July and September – November; hibernation as pupa (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (De Prins, 1998a).

NE recorded (van Nieukerken ao, 1993a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and northern Russia to Belgium, Austria, and the Ukraine, and from Britain to Southern Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


The larva never shows a dorsal orange yellow spot on the sixth abdominal segment (Emmet ao, 1985a).



Lithocolletis anderidae; L. nanella Petersen, 1927.

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides niveipes; Hemiptarsenus ornatus; Pnigalio pectinicornis; Sympiesis notata.


Bachmaier (1965a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Bouček (1959a), Buszko (1987a, 1992b), Deutschmann (2010a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1957a), Huisman & Koster (1997a), Ivinskis & Rimšaitė (0000a), von Kayser & van Loh (2004a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Segerer (2001a), Viramo (1962a).

Last modified 31.iii.2024