Phyllonorycter anderidae (Fletcher, 1885)

small birch midget

Phyllonorycter anderidae mine

Betula pubescens, upperside © Rob Edmunds, UK

Phyllonorycter anderidae mine

underside

Phyllonorycter anderidae: mine on Betula pubescens

Betula pubescens, Belgium, prov. Antwerp, Mol © Carina Van Steenwinkel

mine

Small lower-surface tentiform mine; epidermis pale green, rather weakly folded. The pupa lies without a cocoon in the mine.

hostplants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Betula humilis, nana, pubescens.

Strong preference for tiny seedlings in low vegetation (Emmet ao, 19985a; van Nieukerken ao, 1993a).

phenology

Larvae in July and September – November; hibernation as pupa (Emmet ao, 1985a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (De Prins, 1998a).

NE recorded (van Nieukerken ao, 1993a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and northern Russia to Belgium, Austria, and the Ukraine, and from Britain to Southern Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

The larva never shows a dorsal orange yellow spot on the sixth abdominal segment (Emmet ao, 1985a).

pupa

synonyms

Lithocolletis anderidae; L. nanella Petersen, 1927.

references

Bachmaier (1965a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buszko (1987a, 1992b), Deutschmann (2010a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1957a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman, Koster, Kuchlein, van der Wolf & Wolschrijn (1993a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Viramo (1962a).

mod 17.ii.2018