Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter apparella

Phyllonorycter apparella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)

aspen midget

Phyllonorycter apparella: mine on Populus tremula

Populus tremula, Belgium, prov. Hainaut, Hensies; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Phyllonorycter apparella: mine on Populus tremula

underside: unfortunately, the mine was vacated


Lower-surface tentiform mine with 1-2 strong folds. Frass clumped in a corner of the mine. Pupa in the mine, in a large white cocoon.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Populus x canescens, tremula.

Delplanque (1998a), Kollár (2007a), and Kollár & Hrubík (2009a) additionally mention P. alba, nigra, and simonii.


Larvae in June, then again in August – October (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE The record for the Netherlands by Kuchlein & Kuchlein-Nijsten (2002b) has been retracted (2003a).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

Missing from the Iberian and Balkan Peninsula, and the Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2010). Missing also from the British Isles, but a vagrant has been found in Scotland (Riddiford & Young).


Gregor & Patočka (2001a) give a detailed description. The pupa is blackish brown. The cremaster is rounded, broader than long. Of the usual two pairs of spines the outer is almost, the inner one seemingly entirely, absent. See also Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).


Lithocolletis apparella.


Rare species.


Arru (1996a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buszko (1987a, 1992b), Davis & Deschka (2001a), Delplanque (1998a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1957a), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Kuchlein-Nijsten (2002b, 20903), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), De Prins & Steeman (2014a), Riddiford & Young (2016a), Schütze (1931a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a).

Last modified 15.i.2020