Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter belotella

Phyllonorycter belotella (Staudinger, 1859)

Phyllonorycter joviella minePhyllonorycter belotella mine

Quercus coccifera, Greece, Lesbos, Kalimvátera

Phyllonorycter belotella mine

Quercus ilex, upperside; from A & Z Laštuvka (2007a)


Upper surface epidermal, silvery blotch without folds. Frass partly as loosely scattered grains, partly as a central, dark brown tar-like patch on the roof of the mine. Pupation within the mine in a clear cocoon.

host plants

Fagaceae, narrowly monophagous

Quercus coccifera, ilex, rotundifolia, suber.

The species mentioned are evergreen oaks. The occurrence on the deciduous Q. robur and rubra (Maček, 1999a) is improbable.


Larvae in November – March and April – May (Hering, 1957a).

distribution within Europe

Mediterranean Region from Iberia till Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Second stage larva with a paired, triangular spot on thergite 2, an unpaired, broad spot on tergite 3, and a compact dorso-median spot on abdomen 1-8. See Klimesch (1943a) for the chaetotaxy.



Phyllonorycter joviella (Constant, 1890); Ph. anatolica (Deschka, 1970).


Buhr (1930a), Deschka (1970b, 2014a), Hering (1932e [“ioviella”], 1934a, 1936b, 1957a, 1967a), Klimesch (1943a, 1956c), Klimesch & Skala (1936b), A & Z Laštuvka (2007a, 2014a), Maček (1999a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Olivella (2002a), Soffner (1942a).

Last modified 8.iii.2019