Phyllonorycter belotella (Staudinger, 1859)
Quercus coccifera, Greece, Lesbos, Kalimvátera
Quercus ilex, upperside; from A & Z Laštuvka (2007a)
Upper surface epidermal, silvery blotch without folds. Frass partly as loosely scattered grains, partly as a central, dark brown tar-like patch on the roof of the mine. Pupation within the mine in a clear cocoon.
Fagaceae, narrowly monophagous
Quercus coccifera, ilex, rotundifolia, suber.
The species mentioned are evergreen oaks. The occurrence on the deciduous Q. robur and rubra (Maček, 1999a) is improbable.
Larvae in November – March and April – May (Hering, 1957a).
distribution within Europe
Mediterranean Region from Iberia till Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
Second stage larva with a paired, triangular spot on thergite 2, an unpaired, broad spot on tergite 3, and a compact dorso-median spot on abdomen 1-8. See Klimesch (1943a) for the chaetotaxy.
Phyllonorycter joviella (Constant, 1890); Ph. anatolica (Deschka, 1970).
Buhr (1930a), Deschka (1970b, 2014a), Hering (1932e [“ioviella”], 1934a, 1936b, 1957a, 1967a), Klimesch (1943a, 1956c), Klimesch & Skala (1936b), A & Z Laštuvka (2007a, 2014a), Maček (1999a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Olivella (2002a), Soffner (1942a).