Phyllonorycter cephalariae (Lhomme, 1934)

Phyllonorycter cephalariae: mine

Cephalaria leucantha, from Lhomme (1934b): young mine

Phyllonorycter cephalariae: mine on Cephalaria leucantha

Cephalaria leucantha, France, dép. Aveyron, Nant, 10.vii.2019 (imago 21.vii.2019) © Ruben Meert

Phyllonorycter cephalariae: mine on Cephalaria leucantha

same mine, underside

Phyllonorycter cephalariae: pupa

pupa in opened mine

Phyllonorycter cephalariae: mine on Cephalaria leucantha

Cephalaria leucantha, France, dépt. Ardèche, Soyons, lieu-dit “Tour penchée” © Stéphane Claerbout

Phyllonorycter cephalariae: mine on Cephalaria leucantha

exuvium, protruding from the mine

mine

Lower-surface tentiform mine; lower epidermis with strong folds, upper epidermis vaulted. The mine contracts strongly, causing the leaf margins to fold down and inwards. In the end the larva also consumes the tissue of the roof of the mine, that ends full depth and transparent. Pupation within the mine.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, monophagous

Cephalaria leucantha.

phenology

Larvae in July – August (Hering, 1957a).

distribution within Europe

Southern France, Croatia, Greece (Fauna Europaea, 2010), Hungary (Szőcs, 1977a), Serbia (Global taxonomic database of Gracillariidae, 2010), Iberia (A & Z Laštůvka, 2014a).

synonyms

Lithocolletis cephalariae.

references

Hering (1957a), Klimesch (1942a), Kuznetzov & Baryshnikova (2006a), A & Z Laštůvka (2014a), Lhomme (1934b), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Szőcs (1977a).

mod 22.vii.2019