Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter comparella

Phyllonorycter comparella (Duponchel, 1843)

winter poplar midget

on Populus

Phyllonorycter comparella: mine on Populus alba

Populus alba, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, 30.vii.2017 © László Érsek

Phyllonorycter comparella: mine on Populus alba

same leaf, underside

Phyllonorycter comparella: larva

larva, dorsal

Phyllonorycter comparella: larva

larva, ventral

Phyllonorycter comparella: pupa

pupa in opened cocoon

Phyllonorycter comparella: pupa

pupa dorsal and ventral

Phyllonorycter comparella: exuvium

exuvium, protruding from the underside of the leaf

Phyllonorycter comparella mine

Populus canescens, Duin en Kruidberg, 13.ix.2001

Populus canescens, Nieuwendam, 30.viii.2006: mine, lighted from behind

same mine, opened

Phyllonorycter comparella: mines on Populus x canadensis

Populus x canadensis, Drachten. 10.x.2917
© Gerrit Tuinstra (also Ectoedemia hannoverella)

Phyllonorycter comparella: mines on Populus x canadensis



Oval, lower-surface tentiform mine. The lower epidermis has no recognisable folds, and in fact the mine is barely visible in the felty underside of the leaf. Frass heaped in an angle of the mine. Pupa in a barely recognisable flimsy cocoon.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Populus alba, x canadensis, x canescens.

Rarely also P. nigra (Fairclough, 1986a).


Larvae in July and September – early October (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Germany and the Baltic States to Spain, Sardinia, Sicily, Hungary, and Bulgaria, and from Britain to Central and South Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Lithocolletis comparella; Phyllonorycter cerrutiella (Hartig, 1952).

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides altilis, cilla, scaposa; Chrysocharis pentheus; Cirrospilus elegantissimus, variegatus; Closterocerus trifasciatus; Pediobius saulius; Pnigalio pectinicornis; Sympiesis dolichogaster, gordius, sericeicornis.


Arru (1996a), Bouček (1959a), Buhr (1935b), Buszko (1992b), Corley, Nunes, Rosete, ao (2020a), Csóka (2003a), Davis & Deschka (2001a), Delplanque (1998a), Drăghia (1968a, 1971a, 1972a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Fairclough (1986a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein, ao (1985a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1923a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huisman, Koster, Muus & van Nieukerken (2013a), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1979a), Klimesch (1950c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Alders (2000a), Kuchlein & Donner (1983a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), van Nieukerken, Gielis, Huisman ao (1993a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a, 2007a), Robbins (1991a), Schmid (2019a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Steeman & Sierens (2020a), Skala (1941a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Ureche (2010a), Utech (1962a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a).

Last modified 3.vii.2022