Phyllonorycter dubitella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855)

southern midget

mine

Rather large, lower-surface tentiform mine, mostly between two side veins. The upperside is fiarly strongly inflated. The underside has many narrow folds, not easily seen because of the indumentum at the underside of the leaf.Pupa light brown in a tough, golden cocoon. Frass pakced in a corner of the mine. Neither mine, cocoon nor pupa enable to distinguish from those of Ph. hilarella (Gregor & Patočka, 2001a).

hostplants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Salix appendiculata, aurita, caprea, cinerea.

phenology

Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet ao, 1985a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia and North Russia to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Bulgaria, and from Britain to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

pupa

Described by Gregor & Patočka (2001a) and Patočka & Turčáni (2005a). Cremaster large, about square, with a single pair of stout spines that are curved outwards.

synonyms

Lithocolletis dubitella.

references

Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1937a), Buszko (1992b), Davis & Deschka (2001a), Deschka (2014a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gegor & Patočka (2001a), Hartig (1939a), Huemer (1986b), Hering (1957a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1958c), Kuchlein & Donnner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a), Tourlan (1980a).

mod 17.ii.2018