Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella

Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella (Bouché, 1834)

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Phyllonorycter emberizaepenella: mines on Symphoricarpos albus

Symphoricarpos albus, Rhenen © Leo Blommers

Phyllonorycter emberizaepennella mine

Lonicera periclymenum, Duin en Kruidberg


Lower-surface, white, inflated tentiform mine, that may occupy the entire leaf. The mine causes the leaf to roll lengthwise (the folds in the lower epidermis run from leaf base to tip). Pupa in a tough, papery cocoon; in fresh mines its colour is olive green, later it changes into pale brown.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous

Leycesteria formosa; Lonicera alpigena, x bella, caerulea, caucasica subsp. orientalis, flava, fragantissima, gracilipes, involucrata, macki, nigra, periclymenum, prostrata, rupicola, tatarica, trichosantha, webbiana, xylosteum; Symphoricarpos albus.


Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

All of Europe Europe, except the the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2009, A & Z Laštůvka, 2014a).



Lithocolletis emberizaepenella; Phyllonorycter emberizaepennella.

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides splendens; Chrysocharis phryne; Sympiesis sericeicornis.


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Bouček (1959a), Buhr (1935b, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Deschka & Wimmer (2000a), Deutsch (2012a), Deutschmann (2008a), Dobreanu (1937a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hellers (2017a), Hering (1926b, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (2012a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2007a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1950c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kuznetzov & Baryshnikova (2006a), A & Z Laštůvka (2014a), Leutsch (2011a), Maček (1999a), Meijer, Smit, Beukeboom & Schilthuizen (2012a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Sefrová (2005a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Thomann (1956a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a).

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