Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter esperella

Phyllonorycter esperella (Goeze, 1783)

dark hornbeam midget

Phyllonorycter esperella mine

Carpinus betulus, Amstelveen, JP Thijssepark


Upper-surface tentiform mine. The early mine is roundish, silvery, flat, and lies centered over a side vein. The older mine strongly contracts and sometimes almost doubles the leaf.

host plants

Betulaceae, oligophagous

Carpinus betulus; Ostrya carpinifolia.


Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet ao, 1985a)


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Greece, and from Britain to the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009).




Lithocolletis esperella; Phyllonorycter quinnata (Fourcroy, 1785); Phyllonorycter carpinicolella (Stainton, 1851).


Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Braggion (2013a), Buhr (1935a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Csóka (2003a), Deschka & Wimmer (2000a), Deutsch (2012a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Huemer & Mayr (2000a), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934b), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Michalska (1976a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins (1998a, 2007a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Stolnicu (2007a), Šumpich (2017a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Tourlan (1980a), Triberti, Deschka & Huemer (1997a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 22.ii.2023