Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter heegeriella

Phyllonorycter heegeriella (Zeller, 1846)

pale oak midget

Phyllonorycter heegeriella opened mine

Quercus robur, Castricum aan Zee: opened mine, autumn generation


Remarkably small lower-surface tentiform mine, generally ≤ 10 mm in length. Usually, though not always, situated near the leaf margin or in a leaf lobe. Mines of the summer generation have one fine length fold, those of the fall generation have a large number of quite fine wrinkles. Pupa in a cocoon; The summer cocoon is small, white, anchored to the floor and the ceiling of the mine, and has frass incrusted along the sides. The autumn cocoon is larger, more delicate, and completely free of frass, that may be heaped in a corner of the mine or be more or less scattered.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus petraea, robur.


Larven in July and September-October (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (De Prins, 1998a).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a); uncommon (, 2008).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe, except the Iberian and Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2008).


Whitis with pale brown head (Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson, 1985a).



Lithocolletis heegeriella.

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides cilla; Chrysocharis pentheus; Cirrospilus elegantissimus, lyncus, viticola; Closterocerus trifasciatus; Minotetrastichus frontalis; Neochrysocharis formosa; Pediobius saulius; Pnigalio pectinicornis; Sympiesis angustipennis, sericeicornis.


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1936a), Buszko (1992b), Csóka (2003a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet (1975b), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), ffennell (1975a), Gregor (1952a), Harper & Langmaid (1978a), Hellers (2017a), Hering (1934a, 1957a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hartig (1939a), Jaworski (2009a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Michna (1975a). Nel & Varenne (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1951a), Stammer (2016a), Stolnicu (2007a), Szőcs (1977a), Tomov & Dimitrov (2007a), Tuinstra (2021a).

Last modified 3.vii.2022