Phyllonorycter hostis Triberti, 2007

red apple midget

mine

Lower-surface tentiform mine, 13-15 mm long, with several longitudinal folds.

hostplants

Rosaceae, oligophagous

Cydonia; Malus domestica; Prunus avium, persica; Pyrus communis; Sorbus torminalis.

Apple, growing in orchards, seems to be the main host plant. Observations on other hosts are mainly done in the immediate neighbourhood of apple orchards.

Up to 40 mines may occur on a single Apple leaf, and considerable case is caused then.

phenology

In Italy four generations; hibernation as larva, that pupates end February.

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries.

distribution within Europe

Italy, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Tunisia, Cyprus; incidental observations have also been made in Britain and in Germany.

pupa

Pupa 3.5 – 3.9 mm; cremaster similar to that of Ph. anceps.

synonyms

Many records of Phyllonorycter pomonella in reality refer to hostis (Triberti, 2007a). Also all British observations of Ph. cydoniella turned out to refer to hostis (Langmaid, 2009a).

references

Baldizzone, Varalda & Donato (2010a), Barton (2015a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Langmaid (2009a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Tokár, Laštůvka, Pastorális ao (2015a), Triberti (2007a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a).

03/10/2016

mod 17.ii.2018