Phyllonorycter hostis Triberti, 2007
red apple midget
Lower-surface tentiform mine, 13-15 mm long, with several longitudinal folds.
Apple, growing in orchards, seems to be the main host plant. Observations on other hosts are mainly done in the immediate neighbourhood of apple orchards.
Up to 40 mines may occur on a single Apple leaf, and considerable case is caused then.
In Italy four generations; hibernation as larva, that pupates end February.
Not known from the Benelux countries.
distribution within Europe
Italy, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Tunisia, Cyprus; incidental observations have also been made in Britain and in Germany.
Pupa 3.5 – 3.9 mm; cremaster similar to that of Ph. anceps.
Many records of Phyllonorycter pomonella in reality refer to hostis (Triberti, 2007a). Also all British observations of Ph. cydoniella turned out to refer to hostis (Langmaid, 2009a).
Baldizzone, Varalda & Donato (2010a), Barton (2015a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Langmaid (2009a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Tokár, Laštůvka, Pastorális ao (2015a), Triberti (2007a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a).