Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter junoniella

Phyllonorycter junoniella (Zeller, 1846)

upland midget

Phyllonorycter junoniella mine

Vaccinium vitis-idaea, Belgium, prov. Liège, Eupen, Brackvenn © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Phyllonorycter junoniella mine

same mine, upperside

Phyllonorycter junoniella mine

another mine, underside …

Phyllonorycter junoniella mine

… and upperside


Lower-surface tentiform mine, that involves almost the entire leaf. The leaf margins are strongly pulled together, arching the upper surface. Because the leaf tissue of the roof of the mine is incompletely eaten away, this upper surface has got a mottled appearance.

host plants

Ericaceae, narrowly monophagous

Vaccinium vitis-idaea.


Larvae from October till April, rarely even as late as June, of the following year (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe, except Ireland, the Iberian and the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna europaea, 2009).


Body pale amber yellow, head light yellow brown.


Mesothorax with a pit laterally at its rear margin. Cremaster with two pairs of stout spines; the inner pair, that is curved inwards, half covers the outer pair, that is curved outwards (Gregor & Patočka, 2001a; Patočka & Turčáni, 2005a).


Lithocolletis junoniella.

parasitoids, predators

Pnigalio ? pectinicornis.


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1964a), Buszko (1992b), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gielis, Huisman, Kuchlein ao (1985a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1986b, 2012a), Kirichenko, Triberti, Akulov ao (2019a), Klimesch (1950c, 1989a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Michalska (1976a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Sønderup (1949a), Thomann (1956a), Zoerner (1970a).

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