Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella

Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella (Zeller, 1839)

scarce oak midget

Phyllonorycter kuhlweiniella opened mine

Quercus robur, Reusel: opened mine, with the pupa just barely visibly within the flimsy cocoon


Small lower-surface tentiform mine, c. 15 mm long. Most mines lie close to the leaf margin or in a leaf lobe, and are almost covered then by the leaf margin that is folded over them. Lower epidermis with many, very fine, folds. Pupa in the mine in a large, flimsy cocoon in a corner of the mine, attached only to the roof of the mine; most frass heaped in the opposite corner.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus petraea, pubescens, robur.


Larvae in July and September – October (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Germany to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and Albania, and from Britain to Central and South Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Lithocolletis hortella (Fabricius, 1794); Lithocolletis, Phyllonorycter saportella (Duponchel, 1840).

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides butus; Sympiesis gordius, sericeicornis.


Mainly in high trees (Schütze, 1931a; Hering, 1934a).


Bouček (1959a), Buhr (1936a), Buszko (1992b), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet (1975b, 1982c,d), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gregor (1952a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1934a, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (2012a), Kasy (1979a, 1983a, 1987a), Klimesch (1950c), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kuznetzov & Baryshnikova (2006a), Maček (1999a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Šulcs (1996a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Tomov & Dimitrov (2007a).

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