Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter lautella

Phyllonorycter lautella (Zeller, 1846)

fiery oak midget

Phyllonorycter lautella mine

Quercus © Rob Edmunds

Phyllonorycter lautella mine


Phyllonorycter lautella: pupa in its cocoon

Quercus robur, Wouwsche plantage: opened mine.


Remarkable large, lower-surface tentiform mine, usually between two side veins, 20-25 mm long. Lower epidermis with one sharp fold. Frass heaped in a corner of the mine, covered by some spinning. Often several mines in a, strongly contracted, leaf. Pupa brownish black. The cocoon of of the summer generation is flimsy, that of the autumn generation whitish, papery.


Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, dalechampii, petraea, robur.


Larvae in July and August-October (Hering, 1957a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Europe, except the Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).


Described by Emmet ao (1985a).



Lithocolletis lautella; Phyllonorycter irmella (Palm, 1947).

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides splendens; Chrysocharis phryne; Cirrospilus lyncus; Minotetrastichus frontalis; Neochrysocharis formosa; Pediobius saulius.


Mainly on seedlings and root suckers.


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1936a), Buszko (1992b), Emmet (1975b), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gregor (1952a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Harper & Langmaid (1978a), Hering (1934a, 1957a), Huemer (1986b), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1987a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & Langohr (1998a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Leutsch (2011a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), van Nieukerken, Koster & Karsholt (2001a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Stolnicu (2007a, 2008a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Tomov & Dimitrov (2007a).

Last modified 2.vii.2022