Phyllonorycter lautella (Zeller, 1846)

fiery oak midget

Phyllonorycter lautella mine

Quercus © Rob Edmunds

Phyllonorycter lautella mine

underside

Phyllonorycter lautella: pupa in its cocoon

Quercus robur, Wouwsche plantage: opened mine.

mine

Remarkable large, lower-surface tentiform mine, usually between two side veins, 20-25 mm long. Lower epidermis with one sharp fold. Frass heaped in a corner of the mine, covered by some spinning. Often several mines in a, strongly contracted, leaf. Pupa brownish black. The cocoon of of the summer generation is flimsy, that of the autumn generation whitish, papery.

hostplants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, dalechampii, petraea, robur.

phenology

Larvae in July and August-October (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Europe, except the Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

larva

Described by Emmet ao (1985a).

pupa

synonyms

Lithocolletis lautella; Phyllonorycter irmella (Palm, 1947).

notes

Mainly on seedlings and root suckers.

references

Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1936a), Buszko (1992b), Emmet (1975b), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gregor (1952a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Harper & Langmaid (1978a), Hering (1934a, 1957a), Huemer (1986b), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1987a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & Langohr (1998a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Leutsch (2011a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Michalska (1972a, 1976a), Michna (1975a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), van Nieukerken, Koster & Karsholt (2001a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Skala (1951a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Stolnicu (2007a, 2008a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Tomov & Dimitrov (2007a).

mod 22.xi.2018