Phyllonorycter medicaginella (Gerasimov, 1930)
Melilotus albus, Amstelveen
Melilotus albus, Nieuwendam
Lower-surface tentiform mine that occupies an entire leaflet. Fully developed mines are strongly inflated and the leaflet is folded so closely that the mine is almost invisible from below. In this stage the larva has eaten all parenchyma above the mine, giving the mine a white colour, and giving the leaflet the resemblance of whitish pod. Th pupa seems to lie free in the cocoon, without a cocoon. In fact the cocoon is part of inner lining of the mine. Frass in a clump in a corner of the mine, separated from the pupa by a partition, (the only recognisable part of the cocoon).
Szőcs (1977a) also mentions Vicia.
Larvae and pupae found from mid-August to mid-October; probably the species hibernates as pupa.
BE recorded (Kuchlein, Kuchlein-Nijsten & De Prins, 2002a).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & Kuchlein-Nijsten, 2002a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).
distribution within Europe
From Denmark and Poland to France, the Alps, Bulgaria and the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009). In the process of a fast and strong expansion in Europe (Dauphin & Grange, 2014a; Sefrová, 2002c).
Described by Sefrová (2002c).
Lithocolletis medicaginella; Phyllonorycter insignitella: Beiger, 1979 [Buszko & Beshkov, 2004a].
van As & Ellis (2004a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buszko (1986a, 1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Dauphin & Grange (2014a), Deschka (1968a), Deutschmann (2008a), Dimic, Peric & Magud (1999a), Gregor & Patočka (200a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2009a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1987a), Kuchlein & Kuchlein-Nijsten (2002a), Kuchlein, Kuchlein-Nijsten & De Prins (2002a, 2003b), Kuznetzov & Baryshnikova (2006a), Larysz (2008a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (2007a), Schmid (2011a), Sefrová (2002c), Steurer (1988a), Szőcs (1977a, 11981a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a).