Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter nicellii

Phyllonorycter nicellii (Stainton, 1851)

red hazel midget

Phyllonorycter nicellii mines

Corylus avellana, Susteren, ‘t Hout

Phyllonorycter nicellii mines

same mine, underside of the leaf


Lower-surface tentiform mine, usually between two side veins. Pupa in white cocoon in a corner of the mine, attached to both the roof and the floor of the mine; frass heaped in an opposite corner.

host plants

Betulaceae, monophagous

Corylus avellana, colurna.


Larvae in July and again in September – October (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe, except the Balkan peninsula and the Mediterranean islands (Fauna Europaea, 2010).




Lithocolletis nicellii

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides splendens; Elachertus inunctus; Pnigalio pectinicornis; Sympiesis sericeicornis.


Sometimes a pest where hazelnuts are grown commercially (Dimic, 1971a; Kollár, 2007a).


Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1935a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Corley, Maravalhas & Passos de Carvalho (2006a), Corley, Rosete, Marabuto ao (2014a), Deutsch (2012a), Deutschmann (2008a), Dimic (1971a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen, Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1986b, 2012a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), ME & MA Kurz (2007a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Michalska (1976a), Michna (1975a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Olivella (2002a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a, 2007a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Tourlan (1980a), Wieser (2008a), Zoerner (1969a).

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