Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter platani

Phyllonorycter platani (Staudinger, 1870)

london midget

Phyllonorycter platani: mines op Platanus hispanica

Platanus hispanica, Hungary, Mosonmagyaróvár, © László Érsek

Phyllonorycter platani: mines op Platanus hispanica

same leaf, underside

Phyllonorycter platani: opened mine with larva

opened mine with larva

Phyllonorycter platani: opened mine with cocoon

opened mine with cocoon

Phyllonorycter platani mines

Platanus hispanica, Amstelveen

Phyllonorycter platani mine

upperside of a mine

Phyllonorycter platani: upper-surface mines on Platanus hispanica

Platanus hispanica, Belgium, prov. Luxembourg, Rachecourt: now and then upper-surface mines are found; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Phyllonorycter platani: initial gallery of mine

Platanus orientalis, Bulgaria, Varna © Stéphane Claerebout: two initial galleries (lighted from behind)


The mine begins as an epidermal corridor, sometimes several cm in length. This widens into a shallow, greyish green, irregularly lobed blotch. The fully developed mine is an orange brown tentiform mine with a number of length folds. Almost all mines are lower-surface. The upperside of the mine then is a mottled oval, because the larva here and there has eaten holes in the roof of the mine, i.e., the palissade parenchyma.

host plants

Platanaceae, monophagous

Platanus acerifolia, occidentalis, orientalis.


Larvae until late in autumn (November); in the Netherlands three generations. Mines of the summer and autumn generation are much larger than those of the spring generation, because the leaf tissue later in the season is less nutritious, forcing the larvae to consume more (van Frankenhuyzen, 1983a). Successive generations live higher in the canopy (Milevoj, 2004a). Hibernation as pupa in the fallen leaf.


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE first recorded in 1965 (van Frankenhuyzen, 1983a)

LUX not recorded

distribution within Europe

All Europe south of Oslo, but not (yet?) in Ireland (Fauna Europaea, 2009).





Lithocolletis platani.


Eriophyes platani.

parasitoids, predators

Baryscapus nigroviolaceus; Minotetrastichus frontalis; Pediobius saulius; Sympiesis gordius, xanthostoma.


The species has undergone a strong expansion of its area (Sefrová, 2001a).

Trees can be heavily infested, not rarely with c. 10 mines per leaf. The number of young mines (most probably abortive) may be even much larger. Nevertheless, the trees do not seem to be negatively affected (Burger ao, 1984a).


Aguiar & Karsholt (2006a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Bouček (1959a), Burger ao (1984a), Burmann (1980a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Corley (2005a), Corley, Rosete, Gonçalves ao (2016a), Csóka (2003a), Deutsch (2012a), Deutschmann (2008a), Drăghia (1970a), Emmet (1985a, 1991a), Flügel (2011a), van Frankenhuyzen (1983a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Grandi 1931a, 1933a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1927a, 1936b, 1957a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Jaworski (2009a), Kirichenko, Augustin & Kenis (2018a), Klimesch (1950c), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Milevoj (2004a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Olivella (2002a), Parenti & Varalda (2000a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Plóciennik, Pawlikiewicz & Jaworski (2011a), Principi (1953a), De Prins (1998a, 2007a), De Prins, De Prins & De Coninck (2003a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a), Pröse (1984a), Sefrová (2001a, 2005a), Skala (1941a, 1951a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Ureche (2010a), Utech (1962a).

Last modified 9.viii.2022