Phyllonorycter quercifoliella (Zeller, 1839)

common oak midget

Phyllonorycter quercifoliella mine

Quercus robur, Rhenen; summer generation

Quercus robur, Alkmaar; cocoon of the summer generation

Phyllonorycter quercifoliella mine

Quercus robur, Nederhorst den Berg; autumn generation

Phyllonorycter quercifoliella mine

Quercus robur, Reusel: mine with exuvium

mine

Lower surface tentiform mine, variable in size, (10)-15-(22) mm. Lower epidermis with one sharp fold. Pupa in a tough silken cocoon in the mine. In the summer generation the cocoon is entirely covered with frass, and the cocoon is attached to the roof of the mine only. In the autumn generation frass in incrusted only to the sides and rear of the cocoon, and the cocoon is attached both to the roof and the floor of the mine.

host plants

Fagaceae, monophagous

Quercus cerris, faginea x hispanica, libani, petraea, robur, trojana.

phenology

Larvae in July and September – October (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

Europe, except for the Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

pupa

synonyms

Lithocolletis quercifoliella.

notes

The biology is discussed by Miller (1973a).

references

Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1936a), Buszko (1992b), Deschka (1983a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet (1975b), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), ffennell (1975a), Gregor (1952a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Haase (1942a), Harper & Langmaid (1978a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1924a, 1934a, 1957a), Huemer (2012a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Jaworski (2009a), Klimesch (1950c), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), A & Z Laštůvka (2014a), Lhomme (1934d), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Miller (1973a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Olivella (2002a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1941a, 1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Dimitrov (2007a), Tourlan (1980a), Ureche (2010a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a).

mod 8.iii.2019