Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella (Stainton, 1851)

sandhill midget

Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella mines

Salix repens, Zandvoort; the mine at right still quite young

mine

Lower-surface tentiform mine, that in small leaves can occupy the entire underside. The mine does contract strongly, folding the leaf, sometimes causing it to become tube-like. Lower epidermis with many fine folds. Pupa, not a a clear cocoon, in a corner of the mine. Frass packed in the opposite corner.

host plants

Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous

Salix repens & subsp. rosmarinifolia.

phenology

Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet ao, 1985a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees, Alps, Hungary, and the Ukraine, and from Ireland to Central Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

larva

pupa

synonyms

Lithocolletis quinqueguttella; L. graeseriella Sorhagen, 1900 (?)

notes

Young mines can easily be confused with those of Agromyza salicina.

references

Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Davis & Deschka (2001a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1921b, 1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kuchlein ao (1988a), Maček (1999a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Schütze (1931a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Wegner (2010a).

mod 23.xi.2018