Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella

Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella (Stainton, 1851)

sandhill midget

Phyllonorycter quinqueguttella mines

Salix repens, Zandvoort; the mine at right still quite young


Lower-surface tentiform mine, that in small leaves can occupy the entire underside. The mine does contract strongly, folding the leaf, sometimes causing it to become tube-like. Lower epidermis with many fine folds. Pupa, not a a clear cocoon, in a corner of the mine. Frass packed in the opposite corner.

host plants

Salicaceae, narrowly monophagous

Salix repens & subsp. rosmarinifolia.


Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010)
LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

From Fennoscandia to the Pyrenees, Alps, Hungary, and the Ukraine, and from Ireland to Central Russia (Fauna Europaea, 2010).




Lithocolletis quinqueguttella; L. graeseriella Sorhagen, 1900 (?)

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides zwoelferi; Eupelmus vesicularis; Necremnus metalarus; Pnigalio ? pectinicornis; Sympiesis euspilapterygis,gregori.


Young mines can easily be confused with those of Agromyza salicina.


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Bouček (1959a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Davis & Deschka (2001a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Fusu (2017a), Gebiola, Bernardo, Ribes & Gibson (2015a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hering (1921b, 1957a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein, Gielis, Huisman, ao (1988a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Schütze (1931a), Sønderup (1949a), Steeman & Sierens (2019a), Szőcs (1977a, 1981a), Wegner (2010a).

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