Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter salicicolella

Phyllonorycter salicicolella (Sircom, 1848)

long-streak midget

Phyllonorycter salicicolella mine

Salix cinerea, Bergen NH

Salix cinerea, Tilburg: opened mine, showing the flimsy cocoon


Fairly small, lower-surface, tentiform mine, often touching the leaf margin. The reddish brown pupa in a flimsy, whitish of very pale yellowish cocoon; possibly the cocoon sometimes is missing altogether. Frass packed in a corner of the mine.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Salix aurita, caprea, cinerea, myrsinifolia.

Buhr (1937a) additionally mentions S. alba, spadicea.


Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

All Europe, except the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2010).




Lithocolletis salicicolella.

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides zwoelferi; Cirrospilus vittatus.


Until recently Phyllonorycter brevilineatella (Benander, 1944) was considered a synonym of salicicolella. However, biochemical studies indicate that it probably is a distinct species (Bengtsson, 2010a, Bengtsson & Johansson, 2011a). The species so far is known only from Sweden, and lives on Salix aurita; probably the mine will not be different from the one of salicicolella.


Baldizzone & scalercio (2018a), Bengtsson (2010a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Davis & Deschka (2001a), Deutschmann (2008a), Drăghia (1972a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1965a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Maček (1999a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a).

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