Phyllonorycter salictella (Zeller, 1846)

Phyllonorycter salictella: mine on Salix x fragilis

Salix x fragilis, Belgium, prov. Namur, Bouge; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

Phyllonorycter salictella: mine on Salix x fragilis

same mine, underside

mine

Rather large, lower-surface tenntiform mine, generally against the leaf margin, often low in the leaf. Lower epidermis strongly folded; the mine is strongly contracted, causing the leaf margin to fold tube-like over the mine. Pupa reddish brown, in a light brown cocoon without frass. All frass packed in a corner of the mine.

host plants

Salicaceae, monophagous

Salix alba, babylonica, daphnoides, elaeagnos, x fragilis, purpurea, repens, triandra, viminalis.

S. x fragilis and viminalis are the main hostplants in Great Britain, but on the European mainland this is S. alba. In Sweden the species lives primarily on S. alba and viminalis (Bengtsson, 2010a).A reference to S. caprea by Buhr (1937a) probably is erroneous.

phenology

Larvae in June – July and September – October (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2010).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010)

distribution within Europe

All Europe, except the Balkan Peninsula and the Mediterranean Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

pupa

synonyms

Lithocolletis salictella; Phyllonorycter viminiella (Sircom, 1848); L. jaeckhi Hering, 1934.

notes

Bengtsson (2010a) expects that viminiella will turn out to be a valid species.

references

Bengtsson (2010a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1937a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Corley, Rosete, Gonçalves ao (2016a), Davis & Deschka (2001a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gregor & Patocka (2001a), Heckford (1986a), Hellers (2017a), Hering (1934g, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1986b), Huertas Dionisio (2007a), Jaworski (2009a), Kirichenko, Triberti, Akulov ao (2019a), Klimesch (1950c), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins (1998a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Wegner (2010a).

mod 17.x.2019