Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter schreberella

Phyllonorycter schreberella (Fabricius, 1781)

small elm midget

on elm

Phyllonorycter schreberella: mines on Ulmus

Ulmus spec., Hungary, Halászi, 26.v.2019 © László Érsek

Phyllonorycter schreberella: mines on Ulmus

same two tentiform mines, onderside

Phyllonorycter schreberella: larva

larva, dorsal view

Phyllonorycter schreberella: larva

lateral view

Phyllonorycter schreberella: larva

ventral view

Phyllonorycter schreberella: larva


Phyllonorycter schreberella: cocoon


Phyllonorycter schreberella: pupa

pupa, dorsal view

Phyllonorycter schreberella: pupa

ventral view

Phyllonorycter schreberella: mine on Ulmus spec.

Ulmus spec., Biddinghuizen, Spijk- en Bremerbergbos © Hans Jonkman

Phyllonorycter schreberella: mine on Ulmus spec.

detail of the underside

Phyllonorycter schreberella mines

Ulmus minor, Susteren

Phyllonorycter schreberella mines

same mines, detail

Phyllonorycter schreberella cocoon

Ulmus minor, Veessen: cocoon in the mine


Short, roundish to oval, somewhat inflated, lower surface tentiform mine, often crossing a lateral vein. Epidermis with several length folds. Dark brown pupa in a tough, greenish cocoon; the cocoon lies free in the mine, and its wall is not encrusted with frass.

host plants

Ulmaceae, monophagous

Ulmus glabra, laevis, minor, pumila.

Also mentioned from Carpinus betulus by Stolnicu (2007a); this needs further confirmation.


Larvae in July and September – October (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2010).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2010).

LUX not recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2010).

distribution within Europe

Most of Europe; not in northern Europe, Ireland, and the Balkan Peninsula (Fauna Europaea, 2010).




Lithocolletis schreberella.

parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides splendens; Chrysocharis phryne; Pnigalio pectinicornis, soemius; Sympiesis sericeicornis.


Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Bouček (1959a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Corley, Rosete, Gonçalves ao (2016a), Deutschmann (2008a), Drăghia (1972a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hellers (2017a), Hering (1930e, 1932g, 1957a), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1983a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kuznetzov & Baryshnikova (2006a), A & Z Laštůvka (2014a), Lhomme (1934d), Michna (1975a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2013a, 2014a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Stammer (2016a), Stolnicu (2007a, 2008a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Tourlan (1980a), Ureche (2010a), Yefremova & Kravchenko (2015a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 2.vii.2022