Phyllonorycter spinicolella (Zeller, 1846)
Prunus spinosa, Susteren
Lower-surface, strongly inflated tentiform mine between to side veins. Lower epidermis with folds, green. Pupa in a white cocoon, frass in a mass in a corner of the mine. Before emergence the pupa works itself halfway out of the mine.
Prunus cerasifera, domestica & subsp. insititia, fruticans, padus, spinosa.
Sloe is the main host plant by far.
Larvae in July and September – April (Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson, 1985a). The lava hibernates in the mine, and pupates in the spring.
BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).
NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).
distribution within Europe
Probably all of Europe, also Iberia (Laštůvka & Laštůvka, 2015a).
Lithocolletis spinicolella; Ph. pomonella: Gregor & Patočka (2001a).
Until the publication by Triberti (2007a) also Phylllonorycter cerasicolella (Herrich-Schäffer, 1855) was considered by many a synonym of spinicolella. The confusion that existed so long makes the interpretation of the older literature, and data on distribution and host plants, a quite difficult one.
The cocoon sometimes is hardly recognisable, as the picture below shows. Probably this is a summer phenomenon, and are the cocoons of the second generation much less flimsy.
Prunus spinosa, Bemelen, late June
Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1936a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Corley, Rosete, Romão ao (2015a), Deschka & Wimmer (2000a), Deutsch (2012a), Deutschmann (2008a), Drăghia (1968a, 1971a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Haase (1942a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1932g, 1957a, 1963a), Huber (1969a), Huisman & Koster (1998a, 2000a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ellis (2007a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2004a), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1965a), Klimesch (1950c, 1958c), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Laštůvka & Laštůvka (2015a), Leutsch (2011a), Lhomme (1934c), Maček (1999a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Nowakowski (1954a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins (2007a), Robbins (1991a), Sefrová (2005a), Sønderup (1949a), Stolnicu (2007a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Tourlan (1980a), Triberti (2007a), Zoerner (1969a).