Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter tenerella

Phyllonorycter tenerella (de Joannis, 1915)

hornbeam midget

Phyllonorycter tenerella mines

Carpinus betulus, Cadzand


Narrow, finally tubular lower-surface mine between two side veins. The lower epidermis with one strong fold. Pupa in a flimsy cocoon in a corner of the mine, usually in the axil of midrib and side vein. Frass loosely heaped in the opposite corner.

In Ostrya the mines are shorter, and less constrained by the lateral veins (Triberti ao, 1997a).

host plants

Betulaceae, oligophagous

Carpinus betulus; Ostrya carpinifolia.


Larvae in June – July and September – October (Emmet ao, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Bulgaria, and from Britain to NW Russia and the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009).



Lithocolletis tenerella; L. tenella Zeller, 1846; Phyllonorycter albidorsella (Benander, 1944).


Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2010a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1935a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Deschka & Wimmer (2000a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchklein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934b), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins (2007a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Stolnicu (2007a), Šumpich (2017a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Triberti, Deschka & Huemer (1997a), Zoerner (1969a).

Last modified 22.ii.2023