Phyllonorycter tenerella (de Joannis, 1915)

hornbeam midget

Phyllonorycter tenerella mines

Carpinus betulus, Cadzand

mine

Narrow, finally tubular lower-surface mine between two side veins. The lower epidermis with one strong fold. Pupa in a flimsy cocoon in a corner of the mine, usually in the axil of midrib and side vein. Frass loosely heaped in the opposite corner.

In Ostrya the mines are shorter, and less constrained by the lateral veins (Triberti ao, 1997a).

host plants

Betulaceae, oligophagous

Carpinus betulus; Ostrya carpinifolia.

phenology

Larvae in June – July and September – October (Emmet ao, 1985a).

BENELUX

BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a; Microlepidoptera.nl, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Sweden to the Pyrenees, Italy, and Bulgaria, and from Britain to NW Russia and the Ukraine (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

pupa

synonyms

Lithocolletis tenerella; L. tenella Zeller, 1846; Phyllonorycter albidorsella (Benander, 1944).

references

Ahr (1966a), Beiger (1979a), Bengtsson (2010a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1935a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Buszko & Beshkov (2004a), Deschka & Wimmer (2000a), Deutschmann (2008a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), van Frankenhuyzen & Houtman (1972a), van Frankenhuyzen Houtman & Kabos (1982a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Haase (1942a), Hering (1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer & Erlebach (2003a), Jaworski (2009a), Kasy (1983a, 1987a), Kollár (2007a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchklein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kvičala (1938a), Lhomme (1934b), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), Popescu-Gorj & Drăghia (1968a), De Prins (2007a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Starý (1930a), Stolnicu (2007a), Szőcs (1977a, 1978a, 1981a), Tomov & Krusteva (2007a), Triberti, Deschka & Huemer (1997a), Zoerner (1969a).

mod 22.iii.2019