Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter trifasciella

Phyllonorycter trifasciella (Haworth, 1828)

honeysuckle midget

Phyllonorycter trifasciella minePhyllonorycter trifasciella mine

Lonicera periclymenum, Maarn


Lower surface tentiform mine between leaf margin and midrib; the mine contracts diagonally, causing the leaf to roll transversely or into a pepper box. Frass heaped in a corner. Pupa in the mine, not in a recognisable cocoon.

host plants

Caprifoliaceae, oligophagous

Lonicera alpigena, caprifolium, etrusca, nigra, periclymenum, xylosteum; Symphoricarpos albus.


Larvae in April, July – August and October (Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson, 1985a).


BE recorded (Phegea, 2009).

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2009).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Scandinavia to the Iberian Peninsula and Italy, and from Ireland to Poland; isolated also in Russia and Macedonia (Fauna Europaea, 2009). In recent times introduced in the Canary Islands (De Prins ao); Cyprus (Barton, 2015a).


parasitoids, predators

Achrysocharoides splendens; Sympiesis gordius, sericeicornis.


Lithocolletis trifasciella.


Barton (2015a), Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1930a, 1935b), Buszko (1992b), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gerstberger (2000a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Hartig (1939a), Hering (1926b, 1936b, 1957a, 1967a), Huisman, Koster, van Nieukerken & Ulenberg (2005a), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kuznetzov & Baryshnikova (2006a), Maček (1999a), Mifsud & Askew (2019a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins, De Prins, De Coninck, Kawahara, Milton & Hebert (2013a), Robbins (1991a), Skala & Zavřel (1945a), Sønderup (1949a), Szőcs (1977a), Tourlan (1980a).

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