Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Phyllonorycter tristrigella

Phyllonorycter tristrigella (Haworth, 1828)

elm midget

on Ulmus

Phyllonorycter tristrigella mine

Ulmus laevis, Cadzand, de Knokkert


Long, lower-surface tubular tentiform mine between two lateral veins, in many cases from midrib to leaf margin. Lower epidermis with several long folds close together. Pupa light brown, in tough brown papery cocoon that is attached to the lower epidermis. All frass in a mass in one corner of the mine.

host plants

Ulmaceae, monophagous

Ulmus glabra, x hollandica, laevis, minor.


Larvae in July and September-October (Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson,1985a).


BE recorded

NE recorded (Kuchlein & de Vos, 1999a;, 2008).

LUX recorded (Fauna Europaea, 2008).

distribution within Europe

Entire Europe except the Iberian Peninsula and the Balkan (Fauna Europaea, 2008).




Lithocolletis tristrigella.


Bengtsson & Johansson (2011a), Buhr (1937a, 1964a), Buszko (1992b), Deutsch (2012a), Emmet, Watkinson & Wilson (1985a), Gregor & Patočka (2001a), Gregor & Povolný (1950a), Hering (1930e, 1957a), Huber (1969a), Huemer (1986b), Kollár & Hrubík (2009a), Kuchlein & Donner (1993a), Kuchlein & de Vos (1999a), Kuznetzov & Baryshnikova (2006a), Leutsch (2011a), Maček (1999a), Matošević, Pernek, Dubravac & Barić (2009a), Nel & Varenne (2014a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a), De Prins & Steeman (2011a), Pröse (1981a), Robbins (1991a), Schütze (1931a), Sefrová (2005a), Skala (1951a), Sønderup (1949a), Stammer (2016a), Surányi (1942a), Szőcs (1977a), Tourlan (1980a), Ureche (2010a).

Last modified 18.i.2020