Acrolepiopsis vesperella (Zeller, 1850)

mine on Tamus (left) and Smilax; uit Hering (1927a)

Acrolepiopsis vesperella mine

Tamus edulis, Teneriffa; from Klimesch (1983a)

Acrolepiopsis vesperella mine

Smilax aspera, Spain, prov. Asturias, Gijon; © Jean-Yves Baugnée

detail

mine

On Smilax the young larva makes a short corridor which almost completely is filled with frass; later the larva lives free at the leaf underside, under a frass-covered web. On Tamus the larva lives its whole life in a very transparant full depth mine free of frass; the mine may be a corridor, blotch, or a star. In both plants the pupation occurs in a net-like cocoon (Klimesch, 1983a).

hostplants

Dioscoreaceae, Smilacaceae; narrowly polyphagous

Dioscorea communis; Smilax aspera, canariensis.

phenology

Larvae in March (Hering, 1957a).

BENELUX

Not known from the Benelux countries (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

distribution within Europe

From Germany to the Iberian Peninsula, Italy, and the Balkan; also Canary Islands (Fauna Europaea, 2009).

pupa

Described by Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

synonyms

Acrolepia smilaxella Millière, 1874; A. tami Hering, 1927.

notes

The mines, and even the larvae, on Smilax and Tamus are rather different. Because no differences have been found between reared adults they nevertheless are considered conspecific. Hering (1957a) also sees differences between Smilax mines from the Canary Islands and fom the Mediterranean.

references

Corley, Rosete, Gonçalves ao (2016a), Gaedike & Baldizzone (2008a), Hering (1927a, 1957a), Klimesch (1942a, 1983a), Maček (1999a), Patočka & Turčáni (2005a).

mod 11.ii.2018